Handy Kitchen Cheat Sheets

Some Useful Kitchen Charts to help you make the perfect meal. Internal Meat Temperature Charts to Food Storage Guidelines. We got you covered

I decided to put together this collection of Handy Kitchen Cheat Sheets that I often refer to when making recipes. These charts are for reference only and your results may differ depending on several factors.

kitchen conversion chart
Image Courtesy of Amanda at SavvyJuju Designs

🌡️ Internal Cooking Temperatures

When cooking meat it’s especially important to cook it to a safe internal temperature to reduce your risk of contracting foodborne illnesses and infections from potentially harmful bacteria. As always I strongly suggest you use a digital thermometer to check the temperature of the food you are cooking.

Ground Beef, Pork, Veal, Lamb160°F
Ground Turkey, Chicken165°F
All Poultry (Breasts, Thighs, Legs, etc.)165°F
Fish and Shellfish145°F
Hot Dogs140°F
Pork Roasts, Loins and Chops145°F
Leftovers and Casseroles165°F
Data Courtesy of the USDA
smoked prime rib
Prime Rib Roast with Bluetooth enabled Meat Thermometer

Common Conversions

CupFluid OzTablespoonTeaspoonMilliliter
1 Cup8 oz16 Tbsp48 tsp237 ml
3/4 Cup6 oz12 Tbsp36 tsp177 ml
2/3 Cup5 1/3 oz10.6 Tbsp32 tsp158 ml
1/2 Cup4 oz8 Tbsp24 tsp118 ml
1/3 Cup2 2/3 oz5.3 Tbsp16 tsp79 ml
1/4 Cup2 oz4 Tbsp12 tsp59 ml
1/8 Cup1 oz2 Tbsp6 tsp30 ml
1/16 Cup1/2 oz1 Tbsp3 tsp15 ml
measuring cups
Photo by Klaus Nielsen

Common Ingredient Substitution

Missing an ingredient to make a recipe and don’t want to make a trip to your local grocery store? Check out some of these handy ingredient substitutions.

1 Cup Cake Flour1 Cup All Purpose Flour minus 2 Tbsp
1 tsp Baking Powder1/2 tsp Cream of Tartar + 1/4 tsp Baking Soda
1 Cup Honey1 1/4 Cup Sugar + 1/4 Cup Water
1 Cup Buttermilk1 Tbsp Lemon Juice + enough milk to yield 1 Cup
1 Cup Tomato Sauce1/3 Cup Tomato Paste + 1/2 cup Water
1/2 Cup Chopped Green Onions1/2 Cup chopped Leeks or chopped Scallions
1 Cup Greek Yogurt1 Cup Sour Cream
Goat CheeseCream Cheese or Mascarpone
1 Cup Beer1 Cup Chicken Broth
1 Cup Cottage Cheese1 Cup Ricotta Cheese
1 tsp Cream of Tartar2 tsp Lemon Juice

Perfect Pasta

When making pasta, it’s important to cook the pasta al dente to ensure to best texture possible. If you are not familiar with the term “al dente”, it means cooking the pasta so it’s still chewy and firm and that it will hold its shape when the sauce is added to it. This chart will give you approximate cook times based on the type of pasta you are using. When in doubt, always follow the directions on the package.

Angel Hair1 – 2 minutes
Cannelloni7 – 9 minutes
Fettuccine6 – 8 minutes
Lasagna10 – 12 minutes
Linguine6 – 8 minutes
Macaroni8 – 10 minutes
Manicotti7 – 9 minutes
Pappardelle6 – 8 minutes
Ravioli7 – 9 minutes
Rigatoni10 – 12 minutes
Rotelle8 – 10 minutes
Rotini8 – 10 minutes
Spaghetti10 – 12 minutes
Tortellini10 – 12 minutes
Vermicelli4 – 6 minutes
Ziti10 – 12 minutes
Time may vary from 1 – 2 minutes. Test doneness at the shortest time.
Easy Pasta Carbonara
Pasta Carbonara

General Slow Cooker Tips

Pot Roast4 – 5 Hours8 – 12 Hours
Stew5 – 6 Hours10 – 12 Hours
Ribs5 – 6 Hours8 – 9 Hours
Swiss Steak5 – 6 Hours10 – 12 Hours
Casserole2 – 4 Hours4 – 9 Hours
Rice2 -3 Hours5 – 9 Hours
Meatloaf3 – 4 Hours8 – 10 Hours
Chicken3 – 4 Hours7 – 10 Hours
Vegetables in liquid1 – 3 Hours2 – 4 Hours
Baked Potato2 – 4 Hours8 – 10 Hours
Cooking times are general guidelines. Check your slow cooker’s manual.

Food Storage Guidelines

Listed in the chart below are some guidelines for keeping certain foods from spoiling in the refrigerator and freezer. It has been suggested that the ideal temperature for the refrigerator is 37°F but according to the USDA anything below 40°F is acceptable. The freezer temperature should be 0°F.

Beef Steaks & Roast3 – 4 days6 – 12 months
Ground Beef1 – 2 days3 – 4 months
Veal1 – 2 days4 – 6 months
Pork Chops2 – 3 days4 – 6 months
Bacon2 weeks3 months
Chicken & Turkey1 – 2 days12 months
Fish1 – 2 days3 – 6 months
Hard-Boiled Eggs5 daysn/a
Fresh Eggs in Shell3 – 5 weeksn/a
Cottage Cheese1 week2 weeks
Sour Cream2 weeksn/a
Yogurt2 weeksn/a
Butter & Margarine2 – 4 weeks9 months
Milk8 – 20 daysn/a
Mustard6 – 8 months12 months
Mayonnaise12 monthsn/a
Bread1 – 2 weeks3 months
leftover food container
Photo by Greta Hoffman

Air Fryer Temp and Cook Times

If you are lucky enough to own an Air Fryer, this chart contains the temperature and average cooking times for several popular foods. Your mileage will vary depending on the type of air fryer you have so when you are air frying meat or seafood, ALWAYS cook until you reach the minimum internal temperature. Always consult the user’s manual when in doubt.

Bacon350°F8 – 12 minutes
Burgers350°F8 – 19 minutes
Meatballs400°F7 – 10 minutes
Steak400°F7 – 10 minutes
Pork Chops375°F12 – 15 minutes
Chicken Breast350°F25 – 30 minutes
Chicken Thigh400°F25 minutes
Shrimp375°F8 minutes
Salmon400°F7 – 10 minutes
Grilled Cheese350°F8 – 9 minutes
Frozen French Fries400°F15 – 18 minutes
Bacon cooked in the Air Fryer

🧈 How to Measure Butter

1/4 Cup1/2 Stick4 Tbsp2 oz57 g
1/2 Cup1 Stick8 Tbsp4 oz113 g
1 Cup2 Sticks16 Tbsp8 oz227 g
1 1/2 Cups3 Sticks24 Tbsp12 oz341 g
2 Cups4 Sticks32 Tbsp16 oz454 g
butter sticks
Photo by Felicity Tai

🍚 Rice to Water Chart

If you don’t have a rice cooker or pressure cooker and have to make your ice the old-fashioned way in a pot, this chart should help you make perfect rice every time.

TypeWater to Rice RatioCook TimeYields
White Long Grain2 Cups to 1 Cup18 – 20 minutes2 Cups
White Short Grain1 1/4 Cups to 1 Cup15 minutes3 Cups
Brown Long Grain1 3/4 Cups to 1 Cup40 – 45 minutes2 1/2 Cups
Brown Short Grain2 Cups to 1 Cup50 minutes3 Cups
Basmati1 1/2 Cups to 1 Cup15 – 20 minutes3 Cups
Jasmine1 3/4 Cups to 1 Cup15 – 20 minutes3 Cups
Wild Rice2 Cups to 1 Cup45 – 50 minutes2 1/2 Cups
Quinoa2 Cups to 1 Cup15 minutes3 1/2 Cups
ham fried rice

🌡️ Oven Temperatures


If you’ve ever wondered what kind of onion to use for a particular recipe check out my article on Choosing the Right Onion.

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One Comment

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